If you have found an orphan rat who is left alone or have adopted one as you love them, raising a baby rat is very difficult, especially if the rat is less than a week old. There are two options for taking care of a baby rat, one is to get a foster mom to care for the baby rat, or the other is to raise it yourself opines experts at Rat Central. However foster moms will be willing to adopt that baby rodent only if it is the same age as its baby rats as per studies conducted by www.wikihow.com.
More about baby rats: The baby rats are about 1.5 inches long when they are born, hairless and pink. The deer mice are most common species that are found as orphans. The hair starts to grow on their body when they are about a week old and become fluffy by three weeks. The nervous systems of mice are not fully developed till it is about three weeks, post that they are more coordinated.
The best solution to care for a baby rat is to find a foster mom
To search for a rat mother who can adopt this orphan rat, you can check your local pet shop who breeds rats for snake food. The rat mothers are open to embracing babies that are of the same age as her own, and this is mainly because rats are very sociable and hence more willing to adopt than other animals.
The best way to familiarize this orphan rat with its foster mom is by rubbing them together so that they know each other’s scent. Now you can put the orphan rat into the same cage as the mother and her other babies, due to the smell she will accept the rat faster. She will take care of feeding, cleaning and keep the adopted rat warm if everything goes well. The mother rat takes care by:
Keeping the babies clean.
Feeding them food.
The bonding between the mother and her babies increases as she spends more time caring for them.
Rats grow quite quickly, and by about three weeks they can start eating on their own. When the babies are nearly a month old, the males should be taken away from their mother as they can impregnate her.
Raising it yourself
Week 1: They do not have hair or any distinct features, and even their eyelids are closed. You will have to induce them to urinate and also have motions. You should feed them and warm them.
Week 2: Continue what was done in week 1 and by the end of week two they look more like little rodents.
Week 3: Interaction by way of play during this period is critical as this is the time they develop their social skills. Care should be taken on their safety as they are active and spend more time exploring. They sleep less, play more and eat more.
Week 4 and 5: The rats are very energetic and curious and start showing their personality. Also, it is now time to separate the males and females to avoid pregnancy.